The party system in Turkey during the Third Republic has gone from being the dominant party and a strong government (1983-1991) to the fragmentation of the electorate and a weak coalition government (1991-2002). Since 2002, the country returned to the phase of the domination of one political force – the moderate Islamist Justice and Development Party. However, the events of 2008 have changed the situation. Before the Turkish Republic, once again loomed the specter of political instability. Over half a century of the existence of multi-party democracy in Turkey, its party system in many respects is the key to a strange mixture of successes and failures of this country. On the one hand, Turkey has retained its basic democratic structure, on the other – this structure was repeatedly destroyed. Many politicians rightly argue that “the form of the modern party system is partly the result of past interventions army in politics and perhaps the expectation of future.” On the one hand, Turkey was able to destroy some elements of statist-bureaucratic dominant political culture, on the other – the state still has more power over politicians and decision-making process than in any Western democracy. It urges political parties to prioritize relations with the state, weakening their relationship with the electorate. On the other hand, Turkey has made some progress in strengthening civil society, on the other it remains relatively weak and has evolved to a much lesser extent than expected. Political parties have not made a significant contribution to strengthening civil society, because it is not anticipated to benefit from it, and their own structures remain closed to new personalities and ideas.
Turkey is one of the first countries of the Muslim world, who opened towards the modern West and tried to respond to the challenges of the Western world and civilization. Also, Turkey is well known as a very colorful oriental country with it is hospitable people, which greatly attract many tourists from all over the world. Especially, it takes attention because of the beaches and luxury hotels, which are located on the west- coast of the Mediterranean Sea. As for me, I visited Turkey three times and I was very pleased. Every time I was in different cities, such as Kemer, Antalya, Belek and the last time I visited Izmir in the summer 2014. The trip was very interesting and I remembered it for a long time because Izmir is the third largest city in Turkey, after Ankara and Istanbul. Moreover, Izmir own way beautiful and rich city and has a lot of attractions. However, my main concern is to visit Istanbul, truly amazing city which is also considered as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. There is one very beautifully saying quote of Napoleon: “if it were possible to choose a city that would be the capital of the world – it would definitely Istanbul”.
In conclusion, I think the field trip to Istanbul would help me in a way of my prospects of development. Especially, with it constituting the country’s economic, cultural, and historical heart. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, with it is commercial and historical center lying on the European side. What could be better ? It is so rare when one city keeps such a great story, handed down from generation to generation. For example , Istanbul served as an imperial capital for the Roman , the Byzantine , the Latin , and the Ottoman empires. Furthermore, last year Istanbul was named a European Capital of Culture, which contains a rich, colorful and ancient culture.